Arthritis is one of the health problems that lead to disability of most people in their 50s and put them under home health care programs. This disease, which refers to a hundred painful conditions, usually affects the joints and bones. It is primarily characterized by pain, inflammation, and stiffness of the joints. According to scientists, arthritis is caused by a lot of factors. But it is difficult to pinpoint a single cause of an arthritis-related condition. Some causes of arthritis are still unknown today.
Aging is the most well-known cause of arthritis. The older a person gets, the more prone he or she is to arthritis. Why? The cartilage in the joints gets more brittle with age. As time passes by, the cartilage succumbs to wear and tear just like the tires of a car. The cartilage may wear down as a result of cracking or thinning. Also, this cartilage cannot be restored once it is damaged. Worse, bones may deteriorate over time, causing severe joint pain and malfunction.
Genetics is another major contributor to arthritis problems. People who have genes associated with certain kinds of arthritis are more likely to develop arthritis. For example, the risk of developing arthritis is higher for patients with the genetic marker HLA-DR4, which is associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
Bacterial, fungal, and viral infections can also trigger certain forms of arthritis. Infectious arthritis usually occurs following a bone infection, trauma, surgery, or needle inserted into the joint. Gout (pain and swelling of the big toe) and septic joint (infection of the joint) also increase the risk of developing joint arthritis.
Excessive use of joints is also one of the usual causes of arthritis. That is why people who put heavy strain on their joints such as tennis players and ballerinas are more prone to arthritis than others. Also, baseball players who throw fastballs at over 100 miles per hour usually experience arthritis of the elbow or shoulder.
The risk of getting arthritis is higher for construction workers and assembly line workers than those working in other industries. It is because these workers are exposed to tremendous and repetitive physical strains on a daily basis.
An injury of the joint from playing sports or a car accident raises the likelihood of arthritis of the affected joint.
Now that you know the common causes of arthritis, you can easily plan the right home care treatment for this disease. Being aware of the factors that trigger joint problems can help relieve the pain endured by people prone to arthritis.